Workplace Resources for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) causes poor memory, inattention, and easy distractibility. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) also causes these symptoms, with the addition of hyperactivity and impulsivity. According to ADDitude Magazine, ADHD affects about 5% of adults in the United States and 9% of children. That’s about 8 to 9 million adults who are living with ADHD.
Children who live with ADD or ADHD are protected from discrimination in school by state laws. Adults with ADHD are also protected in the workplace to ensure they have equal opportunities and can complete their job functions properly. Only about 50% of adults with ADHD maintain full-time jobs, compared to 72% of adults who hold down full-time jobs without the disorder. Regulations under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) may allow people with ADHD to ask for specific accommodations so they can adequately complete the job application process or perform job functions. However, there are some restrictions on how an employer can reasonably accommodate an employee’s requests.
If you’re living with ADD or ADHD, you can obtain employment and keep a steady job with focus, determination, and cooperation from your employer. Requesting reasonable accommodations from your employer may help you maintain acceptable job performance. By learning more about the ADA act, including who and what it covers, you can better understand what’s defined as “reasonable accommodations for ADHD workers.”
Table of Contents
- 1 ADD and ADHD Workplace Accommodations
- 2 Best Jobs for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
- 3 Job Search Tips for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
- 4 Interview and Resume Tips for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
- 5 Organizations for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
ADD and ADHD Workplace Accommodations
The ADA was passed in 1990 and is designed to combat workplace discrimination against employees and potential employees with disabilities. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and other civil rights agencies are responsible for ensuring employers abide by the law. However, not every employer must follow these regulations. Your employer must follow ADA legislation if it has 15 or more employees and is a:
- Private employer.
- Labor organization.
- Employment agency.
- State or local government.
- Labor-management committee.
To be covered under the ADA, you must be defined as “living with a disability.” This means that your ADHD or ADD significantly limits or restricts a major life activity, including speaking, performing manual tasks, learning, or working. If your employer must follow ADA regulations and you are also covered under these guidelines, reasonable accommodations must be made to ensure you can complete the job application process and perform your job properly. If you voice concerns about performing your job and need accommodations, your employer must work with you to provide these accommodations, as long as they won’t put the employer under undue hardship and stress.
Some examples of reasonable accommodations in the workplace for ADHD or ADD include the following:
- Asking to work in a cubicle with higher walls.
- Requesting to wear headphones while working.
- Asking to be moved to a quieter part of the office.
- Getting permission to use a noise-canceling machine during work hours.
In most cases, you should be granted one of these reasonable accommodations. However, if your job requires you to also answer the phone, wearing headphones while working may not be an approved accommodation. Your employer should be willing to compromise with you on what you need to perform your duties. For example, he or she may allow you to listen to music softly through a stereo so you can still hear the phone ring.
In order for your accommodation request to be granted, it must also make sense. If your ADD or ADHD is considered a disability, you may need to request more frequent short breaks to help expand your attention span. While your employer may allow this, he or she might deny your request if you ask for a shorter shift or an extra hour for your lunch break.
Best Jobs for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
Since ADHD workplace accommodations should be granted by employers as long as they’re reasonable, there are many jobs available for people with ADD or ADHD. With the right work environment and tasks that you find interesting, you should be able to find a satisfying career, even while living with ADD or ADHD. Reviewing the best potential job opportunities, their growth outlook, and why these career paths are beneficial for individuals with ADD or ADHD can help you with the scope of your job search.
- Benefits: Teachers are consistently stimulated by teaching different subjects and assisting children throughout the day. With this position, you can be creative with your teaching techniques and will be required to engage with many people.
- Average Salary: A kindergarten or elementary school teacher makes a median salary of $57,980.
- Education and Skills Required: You must obtain your bachelor’s degree in education. You may also be required to obtain a teaching certificate.
- Outlook: The job growth for teachers is rising steadily at 7% and the number of jobs available varies by region.
- Benefits: As a journalist, you are responsible for pursuing breaking news stories each day. This includes investigations, speaking with new people, and reporting the facts, either on television or in writing. While deadlines can be tight and stressful, you may find this position rewarding, stimulating, and motivating.
- Average Salary: $43,490.
- Education and Skills Required: You must have a bachelor’s degree, preferably in journalism, to obtain this position. You may start entry-level as a Junior Reporter to gain experience before you can obtain a journalist position.
- Outlook: The journalism industry is seeing a decline in growth by 9%, which may be due to a lack of advertising on television, in newspapers, and on the radio.
- Benefits: Chefs use creativity and innovativeness to create culinary dishes that impress. Constantly on their feet and working on multiple projects, chefs are never assigned monotonous or mundane tasks in the kitchen and may be required to motivate and lead a team of assistants.
- Average Salary: $48,460.
- Education and Skills Required: A high school diploma and generally at least five years of experience in the kitchen preparing food is required to move up into a chef or head cook position.
- Outlook: The outlook for chefs is increasing rapidly at 10% due to the establishment of new restaurants and food preparation concepts.
Job Search Tips for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
The job search process requires you to dedicate time and resources to find suitable employment opportunities that will also accommodate your ADD or ADHD. It can be hard to focus on finding open positions that spark your interest for hours on end. Therefore, it’s important to:
- Take frequent breaks throughout your job search.
- Create a home-work environment that’s conducive to focusing.
- Design your resume and cover letter ahead of time so they’re ready to be sent out when you find a potential position.
- Set daily job application and search goals.
To find the best job for you, you’ll need to identify your job interests and abilities, then decide how to market these abilities to potential employers.
Identify Your Job Interests
You’re more likely to succeed at a job you enjoy, so it’s important to first identify what interests you in terms of employment. Make a list of the hobbies you enjoy or interests you have. Think about what you spend your free time doing and what tasks you’re able to focus on for long periods of time because they’re exciting to you. Once you have your list, you can begin to research jobs and careers that incorporate these tasks in their everyday duties.
Identify Your Abilities
Consider what you’re good at doing and what comes naturally to you. Make a list of your natural abilities and the fields you have training in. Also, include any interests you have that you have developed skills in, such as working on cars or creating fliers on your computer, for example. For each ability you list, explain how and why you excel at it. Write a sentence or two about how this trait is useful and why you believe you’re better than most at performing the tasks you’ve mentioned.
Market Your Abilities
Now that you’ve identified your abilities and traits that employers may find appealing, figure out how you’ll market these skills. While a potential employer will be reviewing the bullet points on your resume, you’ll need to fill in the gaps and know how to market yourself to convince him or her you’re right for the job. In many cases, a job is offered to the potential candidate who could sell him or herself better than the candidate who has more experience or skills.
To practice how you’ll market your abilities to a potential employer, video yourself talking about your skills. When you watch the video, you’ll learn more about which skills you can easily sell and which ones you need to work on. Keep practicing talking about the importance of your skills until you feel comfortable explaining why you’re right for a job.
Interview and Resume Tips for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
Customize your resume and cover letter to the job and company you are applying for. Ensure you market your abilities and skills as best as you can on paper. Provide contact information and be available to speak with potential employers to learn about the next steps in the application process.
It’s important to always follow good job interview etiquette by dressing professional, arriving early, and maintaining a level-headed composure. As a job seeker with ADD or ADHD, you should also ensure you:
- Stay confident and focused throughout the interview.
- Are ready for any type of interview question, including salary requirements or negative attributes.
- Prepare questions for the interviewer.
- Do research on the company and position.
Before attending your interview, practice answering interview questions with a friend or family member. This will help ensure you can maintain focus and manage your nerves in this stressful situation. Interview practice can also help you build confidence so you feel better prepared during the real interview.
Organizations for Individuals with ADHD/ADD
There are ADD and ADHD organizations that offer job and career services for individuals living with this disorder, including:
- American Academy for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Provides guidelines for diagnosing and treating ADD and ADHD and offers information for families.
- Attention Deficit Disorder Association. Offers resources that can help you manage your ADD or ADHD and gives information on conferences, educational opportunities, and support groups.
- American Psychological Association. Provides information on emotional health problems and ADHD and offers information on local psychologists.
- American Psychiatric Association. Offers important information on mental health problems, such as depression, as well as ADD and ADHD. Helps users to locate psychiatric assistance.
- Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(CHADD). Non-profit organization that connects other adults and children with ADD and ADHD to form support groups and share information.
- National Resource Center on ADHD. Provides information on the latest medications, treatments, and studies on ADD and ADHD.
- National Institute of Mental Health. Government agency that offers information on how ADD and ADHD are diagnosed, including the symptoms and most common treatments.
- Center for Disease Control (CDC). Also provides basic information on the symptoms and diagnosis of ADD and ADHD, including resources for children and adults living with the disorder.
- ADHD CME Faculty. Offers updated medical education to doctors and other medical professionals so they can diagnose and treat ADD and ADHD properly.
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This post was updated August 29, 2019. It was originally published September 1, 2019.